INSTRUCTIONS: Answer all of the following three questions. One or two well-devel

INSTRUCTIONS: Answer all of the following three questions. One or two well-developed paragraphs per question will suffice.
1. Pick two countries with high growth rates. Determine the state of the demographic transition for each country. Sketch what you imagine their population pyramids look like. Hypothesize what may lead them to the next stage of the demographic transition.
2. Study Figure 2.22 (in the 12th edition of the textbook), the infant mortality rate (IMR) by state in the United States. Hypothesize reasons that would explain why the IMR is low in some regions of the country and high in others. Shift scales in your mind, and choose one state to consider: How do you think IMR varies within this state? At the scale of the state, what other factors might explain the pattern of IMR?
3. The images below portray differences in life expectancy at various geographical scales and in different locations. Explain what factors affect life expectancy and why there might be major differences at the country scale, for example, between countries like Nigeria in Central Africa and the United States. Then look at maps that depict differences between Chicago, IL and San Jose, CA as well as within neighborhoods in Chicago. What factors might explain differences here? Are they similar to the differences when we compare Nigeria to the United States?