Prepare a 2-page essay on the types of hazards for which your community is most

Prepare a 2-page essay on the types of hazards for which your community is most vulnerable. Investigate your community’s comprehensive plan, if any, to learn whether the natural hazards your community is most susceptible to are discussed in the comprehensive plan and whether steps are taken in the plan to deal with that hazard. Similarly, look at the website of your state’s emergency management agency to learn whether it sorts out the types of hazards for which your state is most vulnerable. Depending on what you learn about your community and state recognition of the most common hazards, comment on how you would plan, alert residents to the greatest areas of vulnerability, and other actions you find necessary.

Note: This is a section in the paper. No need for an introduction. Go straight t

Note: This is a section in the paper. No need for an introduction. Go straight to the point. Use in-text citation in Chicago format and as much as possible (NOT the one does superscriipt). Use one or all of the following sources below. Only use scholarly sources with weblink. The general flow of the paper is Russian misinformation/disinformation on right-wing groups in the U.S. and Europe.
1) Destabilization of social cohesion
2) Amplification of racial and ethnic divides
3) Promotion of religious intolerance
4) Encouragement of political violence
Bennett, Lance W., and Steven Livingston. 2018. “The Disinformation Order: Disruptive Communication and the Decline of Democratic Institutions.” European Journal of Communications 33, No 2 122 – 139. . Berkowitz, Peter. 2019. “Conservatism and the People.” City Journal. http://www.peterberkowitz.com/articles/ConservatismAndThePeople.pdf. Chua, Shenyi, Gisella Joma, Artur Lischenko, Jessica Lobo, Lukas Mejia, and Makenzi Taylor. 2020. “Responding to Violent Extremism in Western Balkans.” Center for Global Affairs School of Professional Studies (New York University). https://www.sps.nyu.edu/content/dam/sps/academics/departments/center-for-global-affairs/pdfs/NYU_Report_on_Western_Balkans.pdf. Douglass, John Aubrey. 2021. Neo-Nationalism and Universities: Populists, Autocrats, and the Future of Higher Education. Johns Hopkins University Press. https://muse.jhu.edu/book/85165/pdf. Emily, Fowler. 2021. “(Dis)Information Warfare: The 2016 Election, Russian Hackers, and U.S. Democratic Precarity.” 68. https://scholarsbank.uoregon.edu/xmlui/bitstream/handle/1794/26515/Final_Thesis-FowlerE.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y. European Comission. 2021. “Shaping Europe’s Future: Open Internet.” quoted in Georgetown University Law Center Global Law Scholars. 2022. “Law and Disinformation in the Digital Age.” (Georgetown University) 280. https://www.law.georgetown.edu/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/Law-and-Disinformation-in-the-Digital-Age.pdf. https://digital-strategy.ec.europa.eu/en/policies/open-internet. Georgetown University Law Center Global Law Scholars. 2022. “Law and Disinformation in the Digital Age.” (Georgetown University) 280. https://www.law.georgetown.edu/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/Law-and-Disinformation-in-the-Digital-Age.pdf. Ghosh, Dipayan, and Ben Scott. 2018. “Digital deceit: the technologies behind precision propaganda on the internet.” Havard Kennedy School. https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/dipayan/files/digital-deceit-final-v3.pdf. Ivaldi, Gilles, and Emilia Zankina. 2023. “The Impacts of the Russian Invasion of Ukraine on Right-Wing Populism in Europe.” European Center for Populism Studies. https://shs.hal.science/halshs-04024156/document. Johnson, Darin EW. 2019. “Russian election interference and race-baiting.” 191. https://academiccommons.columbia.edu/doi/10.7916/d8-rxg0-y420/download. Karlsen, G.H. 2019. “Divide and Rule: Ten Lessons about Russian Political Influence Activities in Europe.” 1–14., Palgrave Communications 5 (1):. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-019-0227-8. Kopilow, Melissa M. 2022. “Disinformation Targeting Democracy: Violent Effects of Russia’s Active Measures Campaigns In France, Germany, And The United States.” Naval Postgraduate School. https://apps.dtic.mil/sti/pdfs/AD1185009.pdf. Korta, Samantha M. 2018. “Fake News, Conspiracy Theories, and Lies: An Information Laundering Model for Homeland Security.” (Naval Postgradute School) 153. https://apps.dtic.mil/sti/pdfs/AD1052689.pdf. Krekó, Péter. 2022. “Russian influence in Hungary.” (ING2 Committee Hearing). https://www.europarl.europa.eu/cmsdata/256493/OJ%20item%204_peter_kreko_ing2_hearing_20221027_speaking_points.pdf. Liang, Christina Schori, and Matthew John Cross. 2020. White Crusade: How to Prevent Right-Wing Extremists from Exploiting the Internet. Geneva Centre for Security Policy – GCSP. https://dam.gcsp.ch/files/doc/white-crusade-how-to-prevent-right-wing-extremists-from-exploiting-the-internet. March, Luke. 2023. “Putin: populist, anti-populist, or pseudo-populist?” Journal Of Political Ideologies (University of Edinburgh). https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/epdf/10.1080/13569317.2023.2250744?needAccess=true. McGeehan, Timothy P. 2018. “Countering Russian Disinformation .” (U.S. Army War College) 11. https://press.armywarcollege.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2850&context=parameters. McGowan, Bethany S, Hannah Matthew, Sofia Badcock, Katelyn Biggs, Lara Chuppe, Christina Galiatsatos, and Jannine Huby. 2022. “Identifying Dis/Misinformation on Social Media: A Policy Report for the Diplomacy Lab Strategies for Identifying Mis/Disinformation Project.” https://docs.lib.purdue.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1276&context=lib_fsdocs. Melzer, Ralf, and Sebastian Serafin. 2013. Right-Wing In Europe Extremism Country Analyses, Counterstrategies And Labor-Market Oriented Exit Strategies. Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung. https://library.fes.de/pdf-files/dialog/10031.pdf. Merriam-Webster. n.d. Disinformation. Accessed February 18, 2024. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/disinformation. Nabozhniak, O., O. Tsekhanovska, A. Castagna, D. Khutkyy, and A. Melenchuk. 2023. Revealing Russian influence in Europe: Insights from Germany, France, Italy and Ukraine. Institute of Innovative Governance. Revealing Russian influence in Europe: Insights from Germany, France, Italy and Ukraine. Pauli, Carol. 2017. “Fake News, No News, and the Needs of Local Communities.” Howard LJ. https://scholarship.law.tamu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2317&context=facscholar. Shekhovtsov, Anton. 2018. “Russia and the European Far Right.” (School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London ). https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10047343/1/Shekhovtsov_ID_thesis.pdf. Simpson, P.A., and H. Druxes. 2015. Digital media strategies of the far right in Europe and the United States (1st ed.). The Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group. https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/apus/detail.action?docID=2051665. Stahl, Bernd Carsten. 2006. “On the difference or equality of information, misinformation, and disinformation: A critical research perspective.” https://inform.nu/Articles/Vol9/v9p083-096Stahl65.pdf. Turanskyi, Mykola. 2018. “The impact of pro-russian public organizations and parties on the annexation of the Crimea by the Russian Federation.” UR Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. Accessed 2018. https://journals.ur.edu.pl/index.php/jhss/article/download/230/215. Weiss, Andrew S. 2020. “With Friends Like These: The Kremlin’s Far-Right and Populist Connections in Italy and Austria.” (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace) 26. https://carnegieendowment.org/files/Weiss-Austria__Italy-FINAL.pdf. Zakem, Vera, Bill Rosenau, and Danielle Johnson. 2017. “Shining a Light on the Western Balkans Internal Vulnerabilities and Malign Influence from Russia, Terrorism, and Transnational Organized Crime.” Defense Technical Information Center. The Center for Naval Analyses. https://apps.dtic.mil/sti/pdfs/AD1035185.pdf.

Prepare a 2-page essay on the types of hazards for which your community is most

Prepare a 2-page essay on the types of hazards for which your community is most vulnerable. Investigate your community’s comprehensive plan, if any, to learn whether the natural hazards your community is most susceptible to are discussed in the comprehensive plan and whether steps are taken in the plan to deal with that hazard. Similarly, look at the website of your state’s emergency management agency to learn whether it sorts out the types of hazards for which your state is most vulnerable. Depending on what you learn about your community and state recognition of the most common hazards, comment on how you would plan, alert residents to the greatest areas of vulnerability, and other actions you find necessary.

utilize an event a person would typically attend where you observe resources tha

utilize an event a person would typically attend where you observe resources that may be associated with a planned event. For example; I just attended a fair where, I observed police officers on fixed posts, police officers patrolling on golf carts, firefightersmedical staff staging with golf carts and ambulances, bomb squad vehicle staging, a child lost and found section, a law enforcement communication vehicle platform, cellular trailers, and so on.
Try to give examples of some things you would add and try to think ahead. For example, think of issues such as if lots of people gather in a specific location. It is easy to think about having emergency workers on the scene in case something happens, but what about thinking ahead to bring in cell phone tower trailers to allow for all of the additional cell phone traffic that would overload the tower(s) in the area and could negatively affect communications.

Have chemical attacks conducted in the past by such groups as the Japanese terro

Have chemical attacks conducted in the past by such groups as the Japanese terrorist group Aum Shinrikyo or the Syrian government in the past half-decade had a significant effect on counterterrorism preparedness against chemical weapons domestically in the United States? Why or Why not? Do you feel the more recent chemical attacks by the Russian government against their former spy in the UK and political opponents will have an impact on chemical weapon preparedness here in the United States? Why or why not?

In this 4 – 6 page essay, address each of the following prompts (reflective styl

In this 4 – 6 page essay, address each of the following prompts (reflective style of writing)
Explain why have we not seen another major WMD attack since 9/11.
Explore the challenges violent extremist groups can encounter when pursuing, acquiring or attempting to use WMDs in a terrorist attack.
Discuss how a framework for analyzing threats can help deter future attacks.
Ideally, you will want to evaluate this question in terms of your own community in preparation for the final essay of the course.
In addition, your essay must identify at least three citations of peer-reviewed articles and include an annotated bibliography on one of these articles focused on the reflective style. The reflective style is focused on analyzing the findings of the article. After describing the article (researcher, research, results),
Describe your reaction to the article.
Explore how this paper changed your mind about your topic.
Address how it makes you reconsider previous research.
Your page count does not include the annotated bibliography.

Write a two-page summary of an article on an aspect of emergency management. You

Write a two-page summary of an article on an aspect of emergency management. You may pick a focus either on a disaster type (natural hazard, public health, technological) or phase of emergency management (mitigation or prevention, preparedness, response, or recovery). **PLEASE FOCUS ON MITIGATION
Select your article from one of the following Journals:
The ASPEP Journal (American Society of Professional Emergency Planners)
The Australian Journal of Emergency Management
Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal (UK)
Disaster Recovery Journal (for Business Continuity Planners)
Disasters: The Journal of Disaster Studies, Policy and Management
Environmental Hazards: Human and Policy Dimensions
Homeland Protection Professional
International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters (International Research Committee on Disasters, American Sociological Association)
Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management (The Netherlands)
Journal of Emergency Management
Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management (electronic)
Natural Hazards: An International Journal of Hazards Research & Prevention
Natural Hazards Review (Natural Hazards Center, University of Colorado)

Complete a briefing paper on the following: Should the U.S. Department of Homel

Complete a briefing paper on the following:
Should the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) recommend to the President and Congress to remove the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) from the DHS structure and make it an independent agency of the US Executive Branch? Discuss challenges facing FEMA responding to disasters. What strategies should be taken to lessen these challenges?
Provide a short legal brief you might submit to your superiors. The writing assignment should provide a balanced analysis of the issue assigned based on pertinent legal and other materials. The material for each assignment will come both from the required readings and outside research in order to fully assess the issues.
Technical Requirements
Your paper must be at a minimum of 3-5 pages (the Title and Reference pages do not count towards the minimum limit).
Scholarly references should be used. A good rule of thumb is at least 2 scholarly sources per page of content.
Type in Times New Roman, 12 point and double space.
Students will follow the current APA Style as the sole citation and reference style used in written work submitted as part of coursework.
Points will be deducted for the use of Wikipedia or encyclopedic type sources. It is highly advised to utilize books, peer-reviewed journals, articles, archived documents, etc.
All submissions will be graded using the assignment rubric.