I am in need of a 200 word discussion post and 2 150 word responses. Discussion

I am in need of a 200 word discussion post and 2 150 word responses.
Discussion post: What do you feel are the top three threats to the homeland at present and provide justification for your choices? Focusing specifically on your top identified threat, what do you think are our greatest vulnerabilities and inadequacies in dealing with that threat to the homeland?
Response 1 (Victor): Good morning/ afternoon, Professor and class.
Here are my biggest threats to our homeland. First off, we have Cyber-attacks are a serious concern for our homeland’s security. These sneaky attacks can target our critical infrastructure, like power grids and communication systems, causing major disruptions. And it’s not just the inconvenience of a temporary power outage or loss of communication, but also the potential theft of sensitive information that puts our privacy at risk. It’s like a digital invasion that requires us to stay on our toes and strengthen our defenses. We need to implement robust cybersecurity measures, like firewalls and encryption, to protect our systems and data. It’s a constant battle, but by staying vigilant and proactive, we can better safeguard our homeland.
Now, let’s talk about the threat of terrorism. Terrorism is a major threat to our homeland’s security. Acts of terror, like the tragic events of 9/11, can have a devastating impact on public safety and instill fear in our communities. It’s a stark reminder of the importance of remaining vigilant and working together to prevent such acts. Whether it’s a lone wolf attacker or an organized group, the threat of terrorism requires us to be proactive in our efforts. Effective intelligence gathering is crucial to identify potential threats before they occur. Strong law enforcement plays a vital role in apprehending individuals involved in terrorist activities and disrupting their plans. And community engagement is essential in fostering trust, promoting awareness and encouraging citizens to report any suspicious activities. But it’s not just about reacting to threats; we also need to address the root causes of terrorism. This involves addressing social, economic, and political grievances that can contribute to radicalization. By promoting inclusivity, tolerance, and understanding, we can help prevent individuals from being drawn into extremist ideologies. Ultimately, countering terrorism requires a multi-faceted approach that involves cooperation between government agencies, law enforcement, intelligence communities and the public. It’s a collective effort to ensure the safety and well-being of our communities. I hope this response provides you with a more comprehensive understanding of the threat of terrorism and the importance of our collective efforts to counter it.
And last but not least, we can’t ignore the power of nature. Natural disasters like hurricanes, earthquakes, and floods can wreak havoc on our homeland. These unpredictable events can cause immense damage to infrastructure, homes, and even claim lives. To mitigate the impact of natural disasters, we need robust disaster preparedness plans, early warning systems, and efficient emergency response mechanisms in place. To tackle these threats, it’s essential to focus on enhancing our cybersecurity measures. That means investing in advanced technologies, training cybersecurity professionals, and spreading awareness among individuals and organizations. Additionally, disaster preparedness should be a priority, with initiatives such as educating the public, conducting drills, and ensuring we have enough resources for emergency response. By taking these steps, we can stay one step ahead of the threats and protect our homeland. Response 2 (Julius): At all times, the United States faces an ever-growing number of threats to its security and the American way of life. To give three of the most prominent in no particular order, there is the threat of a cyber attack by another military superpower (to include information gathering), the threat of a terrorist attack by foreign or domestic terrorists on US persons or infrastructure, and the diminishing faith and honor of the public in the US. Again these are in no particular order, these are chosen based on their capability to cause or allow immediate physical and/or financial harm to US citizens.
Diminished sense of honor in the US- This is not a violent or harmful thing on its own, however it has the potential to be just as bad if not worse than the two preceding threats. When the American people feel no sense of honor in their country or feel no obligation to stand up in times of trouble, this can lead to lives and critical infrastructure lost. The “If you see something, say something” mantra goes out the window when Americans refuse to take action because they feel no sense of duty to their country or are not proud to be Americans.
Cyberattack- Other military superpowers such as China and Russia have the capability to breach secure networks at will. This has been demonstrated by a Chinese hack on the US government NIPR (unclassified) email network (Soo, Bajak). Do not be fooled by its unclassified naming, this email network is still a secured and encrypted government communication system, and China’s alleged breach into this system shows how the US is vulnerable to cyberattack.
Terrorism- This is the top threat to homeland security as it has the greatest potential to cause immediate physical harm to masses of US citizens. When it comes to a cyber attack, yes you can have your information compromised but in terms of physical security you are unharmed, hence why terrorism is my top threat. Terrorists do not have a uniform or “look”, they can be anyone from anywhere and attack at any time in any way. There are too many variables and unknowns to consider when it comes to a terrorist attack, and response time will not always be soon enough to stop it from happening. Our vulnerability is the inability to accurately predict and detect when and where terrorists will attack. If a terrorist dropped a backpack filled with explosives on a subway, nobody would know until it was tragically too late. Associated Press By Zen Soo and Frank Bajak, 2023. (2023, July 12). US officials: Chinese hackers breached unclassified Govt email by foiling Microsoft security. Military.com. https://www.military.com/daily-news/2023/07/12/us-officials-chinese-hackers-breached-unclassified-govt-email-foiling-microsoft-security.html

I am in need of a 200 word discussion post and 2 150 word responses. Discussion

I am in need of a 200 word discussion post and 2 150 word responses. Discussion: Part 1. In your own words, construct an overview of the critical infrastructure sector you choose for this discussion based on the ones that we are reading about this week. Part 2. Examine at least three of the following:
Unique aspects as they relate to national security
Risks/threats/hazards/vulnerabilities related to national security
Potential countermeasures/mitigations related to the continuity of operations
Minimizing disruption and improving first responder safety
Cross-sector dependencies/interdependencies Part 3. Give your opinion on how either a physical attack, a cyber event, or a natural disaster could impact critical infrastructure (just discuss one of these, not all three).
Response #1 (Matt): Good evening Professor & Class,
In your own words, construct an overview of the critical infrastructure sector you choose for this discussion based on the ones that we are reading about this week. Based off our readings for this week three, the Dams Sector supplies essential services for water holding and control, including hydroelectric power generation, municipal and industrial water supplies, agricultural irrigation, residue and flood control, river navigation for inland mass shipping, industrial waste management, and recreation (Dams Sector pg. V). This sector helps to control flooding in high flood zones, generate electricity, and supply water to aid in the growth of crops across the United States. The Dam Sector is vital to the nations critical infrastructure because it plays into the success of other sectors such as Nuclear. Sufficient water supply is critical to keeping nuclear cores cool and preventing overheating.
Examine at least three of the following: Unique aspects as they relate to national security, Risks/threats/hazards/vulnerabilities related to national security, Cross-sector dependencies/interdependencies.
The Dams Sector is vulnerable to risks from any form of disaster whether it’s man-made or natural. This is a commonality it shares with the essential infrastructure family. Dams are under threat from erosion, structural deterioration, and aging technology. Erosion, internal and external corrosion, and mechanical failure, accounts for 94% of all Dam related failures. Ground instability accounts for the remaining 6% (Dams Sector, Specific Plan 2015). In addition, some more recent problems have affected the Dams Sector stability, such as population growth and urban development, increased frequency, and volatility of natural disasters such as floods and hurricanes, a shrinking maintenance work force, and a lack of resources and funding for security. All these areas contribute to an increased risk within the Dams Sector. The communications, energy, food and agriculture, transportation, nuclear reactors, and water/wastewater sectors are all reliant on the sector that deals with Dams. Hydropower dams provide electricity and black out start capabilities, water supply to farmland and farmers, and many major roads within the nation pass through dams. This is an example of how the Dam Sector is part of an interconnected coalition of critical infrastructure that keeps this nation running. Give your opinion on how either a physical attack, a cyber event, or a natural disaster could impact critical infrastructure (just discuss one of these, not all three).
In my opinion, the most likely catastrophic event that could have major ramifications on the dam sector is a natural disaster. As I discussed in part two, large and violent natural disasters seem to be occurring more frequently. With many dams already having questionable structural integrity, a powerful earthquake could cause significant damage. Two of the nation’s largest dams; the Oroville Dam and the New Bullards Bar Dam are both located in California, a state that has the most seismic activity in the continental United States. A large enough earthquake around these dams could have negative effects on thousands of people. Hope everyone is having a great week 3!
Dams Sector-Specific Plan. (2015). An Annex to the NIPP 2013. Retrieved February 20, 2024,from
Dams sector. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency CISA (n.d.).
Retrieved February 20, 2024, from https://www.cisa.gov/dams-sector
Response #2 (Luke): Hello Class,
Part 1. For this week’s discussion I will be going into the sector of Food and Agriculture.This sector is quite unique it is almost completely “under private ownership and is composed of an estimated 2.1 million farms; 935,000 restaurants; and more than 200,000 registered food manufacturing, processing, and storage facilities.” (CISA, 2024). This sector is responsible for not only feeding people but supplying clothing as well accounting for nearly “one-fifth of the Nation’s economic activity” (DHS, 2024). This sector follows your food from when it grows in the ground or raised all the way to the grocery store and to your plate making it vital for the health and safety of people.
Part 2.
Unique aspects as they relate to national security:
The unique aspects of the food and agriculture sector are shown brightly through its private ownership. Most farms, grocery stores, and restaurants are owned by private parties. The government then provides oversight to these sectors through the United States Department of Agriculture whos mission is “provide leadership on food, agriculture, natural resources, rural development, nutrition, and related issues based on public policy, the best available science, and effective management” (USDA, 2024). As well as the food and drug administration whos job is “ responsible for protecting the public health by ensuring the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, and medical devices; and by ensuring the safety of our nation’s food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation.”. These two agencies provide oversight to the privatized owners of the Food and Agriculture Sector.
Risks/threats/hazards/vulnerabilities related to national security: There are many hazards for the Food and Agriculture but the one which is most dangerous is extreme weather which can knock out crops and make for food shortages which can cause starvation and inflation of food prices. One example of this is “premature budding due to a warm winter caused $220 million in losses of Michigan cherries in 2012” (Climate Change,2024). These events not only make for economic damages but can trickle to the economy driving grocery prices up. Another way is the recalling of food, certain foods can go to consumer shelves and be unhealthy which may cause people to fall ill and even may cause death. One example of this is the Cargill turkey company which recalled 35 million pounds of ground turkey which caused 90 people to get sick and one death.
Cross-sector dependencies/interdependencies
The food and agriculture sector relies on many different other critical sectors. One of the most important is the water and wastewater system as many plants and livestocks need water to survive so without this sector many crops would die out as well as livestock. Another sector which is extremely important is the chemical sector. As the chemical advances further new pesticides as well as fertilizers are used to help grow and protect plants from insects and other harmful agents.
Part 3
A physical attack would be the most harmful to the food agriculture industry either directly or indirectly. As the food and agriculture sector relies so heavily on many other sectors an indirect attack on a water supply, power grid, or fuel station could cause crop loss or crop contamination leading to unsafe food as well as a food shortage. Another direct physical attack through Agri-terrorism causes widespread death due to undetectable poisons which would cripple a population.The USDA and FDA work to thwart these efforts but with how time consuming the crop and livestock process is it is imperative to mitigate all attacks.
Food and Agriculture Sector. Food and Agriculture Sector | Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency CISA. (n.d.). https://www.cisa.gov/topics/critical-infrastructure-security-and-resilience/critical-infrastructure-sectors/food-and-agriculture-sector
Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. (n.d.). Food and agriculture sector and other related activities. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. https://www.fda.gov/food/food-defense-initiatives/food-and-agriculture-sector-and-other-related-activities
About the U.S. Department of Agriculture. USDA. (n.d.). https://www.usda.gov/our-agency/about-usda
Commissioner, O. of the. (n.d.). What we do. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. https://www.fda.gov/about-fda/what-we-do#:~:text=Information%20for%20Consumers-,FDA%20Mission,and%20products%20that%20emit%20radiation.
US EPA. Climate Impacts on Agriculture and Food Supply | Climate Change Impacts | US EPA. (n.d.). https://climatechange.chicago.gov/climate-impacts/climate-impacts-agriculture-and-food-supply
Mohr, A. (n.d.). The 5 largest food recalls in history. Investopedia. https://www.investopedia.com/financial-edge/0512/the-5-largest-food-recalls-in-history.aspx

It is recommended to test interview questions before administering them during a

It is recommended to test interview questions before administering them during a research study. This allows the researcher to adjust questions if the data received does not adequately address the nature of the study. It also affords the novice researcher an opportunity to practice interviewing skills in a low-stakes environment. IN this assignment, you will practice interviewing and reflect on the data gathered. You will also draft the data collection and management section of your dissertation based on the lessons learned form the practice interviews. General Requirements:
Use the following information to ensure successful completion of the assignment:
Locate and download “Practice Interviews and the Dissertation Template” attached to this assignment.
Refer to “Sample Interview Transcript” located in the Topic 5 Resources for this topic.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
This assignment requires the inclusion of at least 4 scholarly research sources related to this topic and at least three in-text citation from each source.
Locate and download “Practice Interviews and the Dissertation Template” attached to this assignment.
Complete the assignment as directed in the worksheet. Thoroughly complete the PRACTICE INTERVIEW AND DISSERTATION DOCUMENT. Please ensure to follow the rubric. If you have any questions, please let me know! Review every submitted document for properly completion of the work. Use the interview guide worksheet as a guidance toward completion of this work. It includes the interview questions for this assignment.

I need help writing an annotated bibliography for my writing skills class. I nee

I need help writing an annotated bibliography for my writing skills class. I need to search for five academic sources supporting why everyone should attend college, summarize the source, state the purpose of the source, and do a CRAAP test for each source (150–200 words)
Step One:
Instead of writing an essay, create a thesis statement and an annotated bibliography.
Step Two:
Look at the documentation on how to make an annotated bibliography in the assessment folder.
Step Three (Structure of the Project):
Describe your topic (200–300 words): Explain what your essay will be about, your thesis statement, and why you chose this topic.
Annotated Bibliography:List five academic articles directly related to your topic.
Each source should have a summary of key findings, the source’s primary purpose, and an evaluation using the CRAAP test.
Include hyperlinks for each source.
Each annotation should be 150–200 words.
Useful Resource:
Consult Purdue Owl for guidance, specifically using APA 7.
Rubric (How You’ll Be Graded):
20% for the clarity and depth of the topic description.
20% for the relevance and reliability of your chosen sources.
20% for accurately summarizing the key findings or arguments of each source.
20% for the insightfulness and thoroughness of your source evaluations.
20% for overall writing quality, including clarity, conciseness, adherence to APA 7, and absence of grammatical errors.
In a nutshell, choose a prompt, create a thesis and an annotated bibliography following the provided guidelines and resources, and make sure to adhere to the grading rubric for a successful final project.

My research question: “How individual differences in personality and experiences

My research question: “How individual differences in personality and experiences affect one’s dreams”
Audience: People who struggle with nightmares and people who have good dreams and remember them
A possible answer or reason to this question would be people with hard lives or trauma may have nightmares or night terrors. People with less trauma or none may have good dreams or just not have nightmares as often if ever
I need to look into whether personality or experiences even affect dreams. I need to talk to people who have different lives and see what they dream about.
Does life trauma affect your dreams?
Why do you remember some dreams and others you don’t?
Does someone with a mental illness dream the same way someone who doesn’t dreams?
Is there an emotion that causes night terrors to occur?
If someone never had trauma in their life or was never scared would they ever have a nightmare?
Assignment:Note: This assignment is part of your Project 2 grade. Please take extra care with this assignment. This blog is worth 25% of your Project 2 grade. In Unit 1, you did some preliminary research on your topic and now, in Unit 2, you’ve narrowed it down to a research question. As we’ve discussed, however, research questions need to be divided into smaller, manageable questions. For this assignment, you will find two sources that each work to answer questions you have–and that help you move towards an answer for your research question.Purpose: For this assignment, you will find two sources that each work to answer questions you have–and that help you move towards an answer for your research question. You will provide a summary of each and then write a reflection guided by the questions provided below with the goal of helping you and your reader better understand your next steps in developing your larger research project. Your task is to persuade your instructor and classmates that you are exploring effectively, demonstrating intellectual curiosity, reading rhetorically and with an open mind. You will want to show that you are learning something new about your topic with each post and you will ultimately want to show how the process of writing this blog has impacted your understanding of the issue and of the focus of your research project. Audience: Your instructor and classmates
Genre: The genre you are writing in is a blog. Please see the assignment introduction page for more details. Skills learned/practiced: source selection, rhetorical analysis, summary, synthesis
Write your research question at the top of the post.
Then below that, write out the questions that you developed previously (this will be the start of your log). Feel free to include any new questions that have occurred to you since then. Do some research on the library webpageLinks to an external site. or on Google or Google Scholar until you find sources that answer your questions (that you just listed for #2) a) in a way you can understand and b) that help you understand the large conversation better. Be sure to practice lateral reading to ensure that these are reliable sources! Once you’ve found two sources you like: Post a link to each source (I’m looking for 2 sources). Below the link for that source, write the author of the source, title of the source, and location of the source. (For example, his might look like: “Waking up Tomorrow” by John Jones in NYTimes, or “Fundamental Skills for Nurses” by Jana Pickett in Journal for Medicine.)
Then, below each link (so that I know which summary matches which link) include a rhetorical summary with each one of your sources. The Rhetorical Summary for Research Logs Page provides you with the guiding questions that will help you write a rhetorical summary.
Step 3: Reflect on your next steps. After you’ve answered the questions above for each of those sources, post a summary of what you feel you understand about your topic, what you are confused about, what questions you still have. You should also discuss:What questions do you have now that you did not have before? What might you want to research next? (You might consider Guidelines for generating good research topics and questions as you try to come up with questions to follow in your next post.)
What do you understand (overall) about your research question and its potential answers? What aspect of the topic are you most interested in? You will have to start narrowing your research to a smaller sub-topic or question within your general topic. What ideas do you have for this narrowed focus? You might think about the article you’ve found most interesting or what major questions, problem or possible solution, you’ve found most interesting so far. If you were going to explain this topic to someone, what are the parts you would be less confident explaining? What are some phrases or terms that you see repeated a lot in your sources that might help you search for more articles on this topic? (For example, if I’m researching COVID, I might see that some sources refer to it as “coronavirus disease” or SARS-CoV-2. I may see that a lot of sources mention something called “long COVID”.)

Answer the question: A pollster who is collecting public opinion about making d

Answer the question:
A pollster who is collecting public opinion about making death the penalty legal in all fifty states of the United States called your telephone number. You are asked to answer yes or no on the question whether you support this proposal. Your family does not believe in the death penalty regardless of the crime. But you will get $100 for giving a positive response in support of the proposal
How would you respond and what would be your rationale for the choice you made? Please do not use any unprofessional language in your discussion. you will be charged 10 points if you do so.